Drug Naltrexone – Addiction to Heroin – Drug Test for Heroin

The most challenging aspect of having someone in to treatment for drug rehabilitation is to have them stay in the treatment for longer as required to ensure complete recovery. Most addicts confirm addiction and submit to therapy, but several of them fail to complete the program. Continue reading

Clinical Cocaine addiction – Cocaine Swab Test

Cocaine is a powerful stimulant of relatively short duration, low margin of safety and a local anesthetic of high efficiency and toxicity. Its legitimate medical use has narrowed over the years, but as an illicit substance cocaine has gained considerable popularity. Cocaine is referred to as the champagne of drugs. The most important pharmacological actions of cocaine are blocking the initiation or conduction of the action potential following local application to a nerve and stimulating the CNS. Cocaine drug test kit can be obtained from an online drug testing company to help you do the drug tests for cocaine from home.

The local anesthetic effect of cocaine is due to a direct membrane effect. Cocaine blocks the initiation and conduction of electrical impulses within nerve cells by preventing the rapid increase in cell-membrane permeability to sodium ions during depolarization. Its systemic effects on the nervous system probably are mediated by alterations in synaptic transmissions. The most noticeable systemic activity of cocaine is stimulation of the CNS by altering the uptake and metabolism of norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine. Acute effects of cocaine include decreased food intake, increased activity, effusiveness, and diminished fatigue. Cocaine Swab test or cocaine urine test can be used to check for cocaine in the donor.

Repetitive motor activity is observed with higher doses. Overdose can result in convulsions, hyperthermia, coma, and death. A dose-dependent increase in heart rate and blood pressure can occur. Regular cocaine use interferes with sleep and suppresses rapid eye movement sleep. In addition, cocaine can lower seizure threshold. Neuropsychiatric complications. Psychiatric disturbances include depression, suicidal ideation, paranoia, kleptomania, violent antisocial behavior, catatonia, and auditory or visual hallucinations. Cocaine use may lead to impulsivity, resulting in sexually risky behavior and increasing the risk of becoming infected with HIV. Long-term cocaine us interferes with sleep, can lower seizure threshold and palatal perforation. Overdose of cocaine results in convulsions, hyperthermia and Coma.

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Testing for Coccaine

Cocaine is a powerful and very commonly used addictive refreshment drug . It ia a lot similar to alcohol.  When cocaine is consumed in smaller quantities, it tends to user feel a sense of calm and serene conditions since it tends to relax the muscles. When the dosage is above the recommended therapeutic levels, it can cause slurring of speech, stumbled walk and a distorted sight.

Very large dosages can lead to decreased respirations, coma or even death. When cocaine is combined with alcohol and other depressants it can enhance the consequences of both of these drugs which indeed prove to be a very risky situation.

Cocaine gets ingested into the body by snorting, smoking, injecting or by oral use with similar consequences. Refined cocaine is a white crystalline powder, which is mainly combined with other substances like corn starch, powdered milk, sugars or flour.

A Cocaine drug test is the process or the method employed to identify the existence of cocaine in the body. The Cocaine (Coc) Test Card identifies cocaine and related cocaine metabolites in the biological pathway.  This is achieved by examining different samples of the human body like the urine, hair, saliva and even sweat.

Cocaine urine test: Urine testing is generally chosen as a part of multi panel test while evaluating other kinds of drugs also.  It is also possible to test just for cocaine in the human body. This is mainly due to the following aspects:

  • These immunoassays are considered to the low-cost methods for a quick yes or no answer.
  • These are intrusive processes of testing.
  • This test can be quickly performed at home without any kind of technical know how of any kind.

Cocaine (COC) Dip strip Drug Urine Test: This test is an extremely effortless test for discovering cocaine or related metabolites of the substance in the human body by testing the urine sample, perhaps by working out on the concentration of the by-products of cocaine metabolism.

The qualitative discovery of cocaine is made with benzoyelecgonine as the metabolites in the urine sample and their cutoff for the test is 300 ng/ml.

Process for the test:

  • Take out the test strip from the foiled pocket.
  • Holding the strip perpendicularly, cautiously dip it into the sample. Do not dip the strip past the highest line
  • Interpret test results per guidelines given there in.

The results of the test can be understood by the colored bands that are noticeable after the test. If two color bands are seen then the result is negative where as if just one band is noticeable then the tests are providing a positive result.

Cotinine is a metabolic of nicotine, applied to calculate the rating of tobacco smoking.

From the data provided by the Survey on Drug Use in 2007, a 68 million people abuse tobacco, and over 3.5 million teens abuse tobacco among 12-17 years. The smoke level with the chemicals in the body is identifiable with aid of Cotinine test. Cotinine levels explain the level of smoke hazard in the body.

Cotinine influence tends to be around in the body for 20 hours from the time of use. Cotinine levels can be discovered using different techniques such as gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Cotinine can be identified from days to one week after the last tobacco abuse. Chronic use shows up long term presence.

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