Amphetamines are CNS stimulant drugs that possess euphoria properties. Amphetamines have lethal unfavorable effects including delirium, seizures, hypertension and hyperthermia. Toxicity is handled with compassionate care, as well as IV benzodiazepines for anxiety, hypertension, and convulsion and cooling systems for hyperthermia. There is no conventional withdrawal set of symptoms.
Amphetamines are medically used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, narcolepsy, and obesity. This medical use takes a focus from legal to illegal; methamphetamine is thus generated easily for illicit purpose.
In Pathophysiological point of view Amphetamines increases release of catecholamines, dopamine, serotonin and increasing intrasynaptic levels of norepinephrine.
As a result marked α- and β-receptor stimulation are produced and wide-ranging CNS excitation report for the desired effects of enhanced attentiveness, ecstasy, and anorexia, in addition to the unpleasant effects of fever, hypertension, hyperthermia, and convulsion. Effects of amphetamines are comparable, changeable in power and length of psychoactive effects; MDMA and its links have additional mood-enhancing property, possibly linked to a greater effect on serotonin. Amphetamines can be used orally as pills or capsules, by injection or nasally by inhaling or smoking.
Amphetamines do have chronic effects that occur on repeated use of amphetamines, as well it induces dependence. Tolerance to drugs develops gradually to a variety of effects builds up unevenly. Lot of drug treatment centers are offering treatment for drug tolerance and the treatments are effective so as to overcome the addiction.
Amphetamine is the parent drug for methamphetamine that is illegally produced. These are very effective drug causing various adverse effects. Amphetamine drug screening, amphetamine urine drug screen, amphetamine drug test, test for amphetamine in urine, amphetamine on drug test are the drug test included in the drug testing to predict the level of dependence. Dependence and tolerance must be controlled properly with an expert care in order to avoid great risk.