Harms Of Hiring Drug Addicts In Work Place

Drug addicts are not bad people, but can be described as victims of cause of drug abuse.

and related illness. In fact, we can tell that these people do not have enough self control to say no to drugs. The illicit drugs dominate the person that they do not realize the real situation of addiction and ill effects of the drug itself. Also, many people they have their own reasons for using drugs. In other words, these are the weapons that they use to support their habit of drug abuse. Another interesting fact is that more than 60% of the drug addicts are in full employment.

The problem of drug and alcohol abuse has spread to almost all levels of society including businesses and workplaces. Use of drug in workplace is something unacceptable. Apart from all other effects, the individual’s work performance is affected drastically. A study shows that the absenteeism has increased 3 folds due to drug abuse. Due to increased absenteeism and decreased performance, the company’s production is affected seriously. Nearly 1/4th of the accidents at workplace involve drug addicts along with innocent co-workers. This makes clear how hiring of drug addicts in workplace affects the co-workers in sign of drug abuse.

Some of the major effects of drug abuse in the workplace are loss of employment, health problems resulting in absenteeism, theft, lower production, etc.

The employee who uses drug per drug test info suffers health deterioration, disciplinary action, family problems, loss of employment which results in social deprivation.

The foremost concern of the employer in hiring the drug addicts are security and safety problems affecting the co-workers and common people. Apart from this, the production comes down due to increased absenteeism and repetitive work due to reduced quality resulting in increased cost of production.

In today’s scenario where company’s are struggling to meet the competitive edge, managing drug addicts at workplace is a serious problem as it involves both mental and financial burden by way of increased cost of production per drug testing advice.

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employee drug testing

Suggested Reading:
Goodness of a drug free work place
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Pre employment drug testing – Urine Drug Testing
Effects Of Drugs In The Work Place
How Drug Addiction Affects Work – Work Place Drug Testing

Passing A Breathalyzer Test Is Important For On The Road Driving

The device breathalyzer was invented by Prof. Robert F. Borkenstein of Indiana University in the year 1954. Breathalyzer is a hand-held electronic measuring digital device usually gray and black in color which has been developed to measure the alcohol concentrations in the blood stream and in the expelled breath. It can be established by measuring the exchange rate or evaporation rate of alcohol in the solution. This rate is expressed as a constant ratio of Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) to breathe alcohol concentration. Using this constant ratio, the blood alcohol content can be calculated.

Passing a breathalyzer test is important for driving on road when intervened by the cops. Passing an alcohol test tends to be the focus of most of them who drive drunk. Tips in passing a drug test is available in plenty around. However, it is not easy to beat drug testing methods for they are pretty complicated and the test methods are efficient with advanced adulterant drug test methods.

The breathalyzers are very helpful devices for the police officials as they can use this to do roadside alcohol test to check if the driver shows up an alcohol level more than the legal limit. A breathalyzer at about the size of a typewriter is always available in a police station. It is also helpful for common people who can use them to check their alcohol levels before starting on a drive.

Breathalyzers contain a round tube like attachment on its top wherein the user breathes. The machine measures the breath alcohol that is filtered from the blood. So, if a person uses a mouth wash which contains certain level of alcohol, then the breathalyzer incorrectly measures the BAC. It cannot distinguish between a mouth alcohol and the alcohol consumption. Also, the results of breathalyzers are many a time affected by factors like temperature, interfering compounds such as use of mouthwash, inhalation of paint fumes, handling glue etc.

Some of the myths about breathalyzers are that by using breath mints, pennies, or onions a person can make fool of the breathalyzer machine. However, usage of these products can only hide the alcohol smell, but does not have anything to do with the blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) measured by breathalyzers.

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Pregnancy Testing Is Best Done Early Morning


Pregnancy test is a test made to determine pregnancy with the aid of a pregnancy test kit. Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is a hormone that is produced during pregnancy. This pregnancy test measures the HCG. This HCG hormone is present both in blood and urine.

Best time to take a home pregnancy test is in the early morning.

The pregnancy test can be done in 2 ways either in blood or in urine. Blood pregnancy tests are of 2 types. They are quantitative and qualitative tests. A quantitative test measures the level of HCG present whereas the qualitative test looks for the mere presence of HCG hormone. Urine pregnancy test is the commonly adopted method to test during pregnancy or for pregnancy.

Process of pregnancy testing: Now-a-days, home urine pregnancy testing kits have been designed which makes the process of testing easier and convenient. A review showed that the home pregnancy testing kit when properly used displays the accurate results as that of a laboratory. The testing kit contains a chemical strip. A drop of urine is placed on the chemical strip. Within 1 to 2 minutes, the results are displayed.

Possible interpretations from pregnancy test:

The normal results in a pregnancy test will display high levels of HCG in the first trimester and it declines gradually during the coming trimesters. On the contrary, if there is no increase in the HCG level, then it means there is some problem with the pregnancy. Also, abnormal increase in HCG level indicates miscarriage and ectopic tubal pregnancy. A molar pregnancy or twins are detected by extremely high levels of HCG hormone.

False positive conditions: Sometimes this may give false negative results. This may be either because of insufficient HCG in the blood or if the test is done in the early days of pregnancy. The HCG level is below 25-50 mlU/mL in the early days of pregnancy. Some other reasons to get a false positive result are errors in test application, use of expired test kits, use of drugs containing assay molecule, and in cases of certain cancers where the HCG level remains elevated.

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Domestic Violence Of Women And Drug Abuse – Positive Drug Testing

Ovulation Testing Can Also Be Done Through Saliva


Ovulation: During the cycle of menstruation, the levels of Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) increases which causes the ovarian follicles to mature. The raised level of leutenising hormone (LH) encourages the ovum to be released from the follicle. This process is called ovulation.

Ovulation testing: This is primarily developed for the purpose of predicting the time of ovulation to decide on the best time to conceive. On the contrary, this method is also used as a contraceptive measure to indicate the time period during which one should avoid sexual intercourse to avoid pregnancy.

How it works: The leutenising hormone (LH) is present in the urine from the first day of the menstrual cycle. Ovulation testing strips tests for the ovulation phase at the right time.

It reaches high levels in between 24 hours to 36 hours before the process of ovulation. Urine ovulation test is the mostly used instant ovulation test to serve as the first response ovulation test.

The egg gets released from the ovary at about 35 hours to 44 hours after the LH surge. It is based on this increase in the levels of LH that the time of ovulation is detected.

Now-a-days, home ovulation testing kits are available. It is similar to that of home pregnancy testing kits. A midstream urine sample is taken and tested with the kit. Two lines of same color show a positive result whereas a single line indicates a negative result.

Another method of testing ovulation is through saliva. The saliva testing is done by taking a smear of the woman’s saliva on a glass slide and observing it under a microscope. In a normal woman, the estrogen level shoots up when she nears the time of ovulation. When the estrogen levels are high, the smear of saliva develops ferning. So, one can make sure by the development of ferns that she is nearing the ovulation period. The disadvantage of this method is that the estrogen levels increase when there are any cysts or intake of fertility medications resulting in the development of ferns which is a falsification.

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Teenage Drug Addiction Is Unpredictable And Complex


Teenage alcohol and drug abuse is a kind of harmful, unpredictable, and complex but a treatable condition. Initially, the teens start up with drinking and smoking by seeing their parents (role models). Later, in the process of imitating them, they start using alcohol and tobacco and other drugs of abuse not realizing the adverse effects of them.

Major reasons for teenage drug abuse are as follows,

  1. To escape from family problems.
  2. To be accepted by friends
  3. Celebrity movies
  4. To overcome boredom
  5. In the process of trying to force ideas and values from parents.

Some of the illicit drugs that are used per the teenage drug abuse statistics are cannabinoids like marijuana, hashish; gasoline inhalants; barbiturates, amphetamines; stimulants like cocaine, methamphetamines; narcotics like morphine, heroin, codeine; and hallucinogens like lysergic diethylamide (LSD). Along with the above abusive drugs, the other common thing is alcohol and tobacco abuse.

Signs of teen drug addiction: The signs of teen drug addiction warranting teenage drug abuse treatment includes loss of interest in going to school, not participating in games, missing classes, failing to complete class assignments, loss of interest in self grooming, needle mark in the legs or arms, cold and sweaty hands, blood shot eyes, puffy face, altered physical coordination, altered sleeping habits, unusual tiredness, slurred speech, etc. One need not necessarily show up with all these signs. Care should be taken if they show up either 1 or 2 of these signs.

Effects of drug abuse:

The use of illicit drugs and teenage prescription drug abuse creates both physical and psychological dependence and adverse effects. Some of ill effects of drug abuse are

  1. Decreased level of concentration
  2. Reduced decision making ability.
  3. Unprotected sex.
  4. Behavioral disorders, more violent behaviors.
  5. Use of anabolic steroids may cause impotence in boys and clitoral enlargement in girls and also baldness, and infectious diseases like HIV.
  6. Long-term use of drugs can cause liver diseases, cancers, heart attacks, strokes, etc.
  7. Over dosage of drugs can results in fatal effects such as respiratory distress, coma, and even death.

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Breathalyzer

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Types of drugs addicted by students – drug teen test
Importance of student athlete drug test – athlete drug test
Chemical imbalance in the brain – Student addiction
Importance of having to test your teen
Teenage Prescription Drug Abuse Is Increasing At An Alarming Rate
Getting addicted to anxiety drugs like Benzodiazepine – benzodiazepine drug testing

Effects Of Drugs In The Work Place

Drug abuse is a very serious issue. A survey shows that about 70% of the drug users are in full employment. Substance abuse in a workplace can bring severe effects. It can cause performance impairment. It is because of this only most of the employers have included drug test as a vital part of their HR practices. The substance abuse not only put the drug users into trouble, but also their families, co-workers, and general public. Drug and alcohol test can reveal the degree of addiction.

The use of illicit drugs reacts with the individual’s central nervous system and results in impaired judgment. It also reduces the concentration ability of a person and in turn reduces their performance level at work. There is reportedly higher percentage of errors in the workplace due to substance abuse and in turn increases the workplace accidents and injuries to the coworkers. Several of them have a drug and alcohol test permit to organize regular tests.

This also affects the drug and alcohol testing company in way of decreased production and increased absenteeism; however positive drug and alcohol testing employees can be subject to warnings and treatments.

A recent study on the Applied Psychology reveals that there is approximately 60% increase in absenteeism and about 47% increase in the termination of employment due to usage of drugs. Another survey from drug employee in place test victorville

reveals that the rate of accidents and mortality is 4 times higher among the drug users than the non-users of drug.

As a means to assist their employees and to tackle the less productivity issues, companies now-a-days have setup their own drug rehab programs. They help the employees by doing counseling and monitor their response to the treatment using drug test methodologies. This has proved to be very effective in bringing down the ill effects of drugs at workplace.

Related Links:
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Suggested Reading:
Goodness of a drug free work place
Drug testing for employee
Post-Incident Drug Testing In Work Place Accidents
Pre employment drug testing – Urine Drug Testing
Harms Of Hiring Drug Addicts In Work Place
How Drug Addiction Affects Work – Work Place Drug Testing

Drug Testing Is Important To Identify Drug Abuse


In today’s world, drug abuse and addiction is one of the serious problems that need to be taken care of. Drug abuse means the regular usage of illegal or prohibited drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, heroine, etc. which makes the individuals get addicted to it. Although there are many forums throughout the world which makes propaganda about the ill effects of abuse, the numbers of the drug addicts have continued to grow.

Drug abuse among teen is becoming increasingly popular.

Now-a-days, the usage of drugs has started even at school levels. A statistics for drug abuse among teenager show that about 10% of the 8th graders use marijuana and nearly 30% of 12th graders have used marijuana; these drugs have potential effects of causing disrupts in the brain development of the children. The usage of drugs at a work place can decrease their performance level and also harm the co-workers’ safety. For this reason, most of the organizations perform drug test on their current employees and also as a pre-employment procedure.

Drug testing is considered as an important screening procedure and is done to protect the health of the individuals, to ensure work safety, and to increase the productivity at workplace. Many oppose drug testing as they are afraid of losing their employment on getting a positive result in drug testing per drug abuse article.

On the other hand, it is also considered as an ideal tool for checking the individual’s compliance with the drug abuse help and rehabilitation treatments. Drug addiction not only affects the drug user but also their families, co-workers, and the public. So, it is a good thing to undergo drug testing.

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Teenage Drug Addiction Is Unpredictable And Complex
Types of drugs addicted by students – drug teen test
Importance of student athlete drug test – athlete drug test
Chemical imbalance in the brain – Student addiction
Importance of having to test your teen
Teenage Prescription Drug Abuse Is Increasing At An Alarming Rate

Drug Test – Prescription Drug Abuse And Addiction


Drug test is a test done for checking the presence of certain drugs in the urine, saliva, sweat, or hair either by therapeutic drug intake or prescription drug abuse and addiction or by intentional drug use. The samples of urine, saliva, sweat or hair is examined to know the use of drugs by the individuals currently and also to see if there has been any previous usage of drugs. A simple way to check the current drug use is a blood or breath test. To determine the previous use of drugs, urine test or hair test will be more appropriate.

How it works: A sample is collected and it is sealed properly to ensure that it is not tampered in the transit. The labs usually do not accept any samples which are tampered. The traces of various illegal drugs or the metabolites left behind by them are examined in a drug test. The sample so collected is first made testable as per the medical requirements. There are 2 phases of drug testing in sports or for any other reason. The first one is immunoassay test which is also known as screening test and the second one is confirmation test. Those samples that report positive in the immunoassay test are alone put through the confirmation test as they are very expensive. False positive drug test result might also be subject to immunoassay.

Other samples which are reported negative are not subjected to confirmation test. Sometimes, the samples may show false positive in the screening test. In these cases, the confirmation test will prove it to be negative.

False positive drug test conditions: These may be associated with intake of certain foods and medications. For example, intake of drugs containing ibuprofen will show a positive result for marijuana. Another example is poppy seeds and medications containing codeine will give a positive result for morphine.

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Tendency To Abuse Pain Killers – Drug Test Kits
Benzodiazepine detection drug level – Prescription Drug Abuse
Drug Addiction Is A Chronic And Relapsing Disease – Drug Testing

Hair Samples Are Analyzed Chemically In Hair Alcohol Testing

Hair samples are analyzed chemically to determine the usage of alcohol. Even after exposure to air, water, soil, dust and toxic environment, the hair samples can clearly determine the alcohol usage. This establishes and verifies persistent alcohol abusers. Hair alcohol test is mostly used for this purpose in the hair drug screen process.

When there is excess consumption of alcohol, the level of alcohol in the blood stream increases. Some markers which are called as fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE’S) and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) are produced in the blood stream due to alcohol consumption.

These markers are absorbed by the hair for their growth therefore they are detected in hair drug tests. The people have other drugs consumed, but the hair testing procedure looks only for direct products of ethanol products. Main part of alcohol is absorbed as water and carbon dioxide.

SO the concentrations of these fatty acid ethyl esters which include, ethyl palmitate, ethyloleate, ethyl myristate and ethyl stearate are used as the indicators of the alcohol consumption and can be found in hair drug screen test.

Amount of alcohol found in hair are measured in nanograms where one nanogram is equal to one billionth of gram. But due to the improvisation in the modern technology, such small amounts can also be detected in hair drug test.

If a hair segment which was analyzed has an EtG value greater than 50ng, the person is considered to be an alcohol abuser. Human hair averagely grows at a rate of 1-cm per month approximately. It is because of the relatively stable binding of EtG into the hair shaft. So it is possible to detect the presence of EtG in hair accurately, even after a long period. Even if all other drug tests fail the hair testing process is going to help with identifying the abused drug accurately, not alone with alcohol.

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Drug Testing Methodologies – Urine And Hair Test Methods


There are different types of drug testing, which are used to locate the drug abusers. Most of the organizations in the United States use drug testing to give their employees a drug-free work environment.

If a person is doubted of recent drug usage, blood or a breath test is done. Regular drug usage or continuous drug consumption can be detected by testing the samples of urine and hair.

Urine and hair test methods are determines the chemical metabolites or traces, that drugs leave behind for quite a long time by means of using drug follicle hair screen,  drug follicle hair screening, drug hair info test, work drug testing, federal employment drug testing etcetera.

Mostly hair tests are used as a secondary test where a reconfirmation is required or in criminal offenses, to check if the concerned person has used alcohol during a criminal offense or accident. The accuracy of the drug testing methodologies is dependent on some factors which are to be considered during a drug test.

The chosen drug testing methodology should suit technically to the situation. So, most of the organizations go for hair testing methodology than any other method as it suits best to the corporate set up. The legal defensibility of each testing method should be considered to avoid any medical or ethical issues arising. The method should not only show the presence of the drug but also it’s content. This helps to determine the problem with the person and helps to decide in the rehabilitation or re-employment of the concerned person. The skills and ability of the testing organization should be taken in to consideration. The procedures which are used to conduct the method should ensure proper handling and processing of the samples.

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