Employer Drug Testing

Drug testing in the workplace pros and cons is based on the quality of the result that one does get for the 4 major questions for any employer drug test.
• Are drugs involved in the non-productivity of an employee?
• What is the amount of drug the employee did take?
• When was the drug actually taken? Was it long back? Or it was somewhere in the near past?
• In cases of accidents at work, is the accident related to drug usage?

The choice of the test methods is specific to the target analyte and the sensitivity and the specificity of the test method is also a major need. The choice of the specimen to be tested is chosen based on the knowledge of the pharmacokinetics and distribution of the drug in the blood, saliva, urine, sweat and hair. Some test methods and choice of specimens is done because the target analyte will have a longer half life in the saliva than in other compounds, and in some cases the specimen to be tested for the employer drug testing will be based on less chance to dilute the sample.

For example in random drug testing in the workplace, the target analyte cocaine in the urine can also be tested on the basis of metabolites like benzoylecgonine and ecgonine methyl ester than just choosing a test method that will identify parent cocaine in the urine. Huge amounts of parent cocaine are not usually found in the urine. So, when the drug testing is targeted to the exact cocaine parent analyte saliva testing should be chosen, because that detects more of parent analyte than just metabolites. So, the choice of specimen based on the target analyte should be modified per needs of the testing.

Abused drugs are in most cases injected or inhaled in order to increase the bioavailability of the drug and to avoid first pass metabolism, which will inactivate the drug in the liver. In cases where the drug has been snorted drug will be detected in the nares and burns to lips and fingers are also common in cases of snorting. When the employees are being drug testing, such external indications should also be considered and special focus should be had on them in cases they are also non-productive and a close attention should be given to such people when the samples are being collected to prevent dilution. There are pro and cons of workplace drug testing and interestingly the con outweigh pros after the availability of integrated test method where dilution can be instantly caught up with.

Call toll free 1-877-281-9756 or international toll free: 1-864-631-7371 or write to info@rapiddrugdetection.com, know more about workplace drug testing methods.

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Companies That Test For Drugs

Companies that test for drugs should be keen on making the tests during the periods of bioavailability of the drugs. If a large part of the drug gets metabolized in the liver and gets excreted in the bile, then only a small quantity of the metabolite will be available for testing. So, any drug should be tested before its half life or during its half life period. Half life is the time taken for the blood concentration or the quantity of the drug in the body to be reduced to one-half. In cases of drugs that are metabolized in the body before they get eliminated from the system, the ratio of the parent analyte to the metabolite to the time since the dose has been used in forensic investigation is available for therapeutic and abused drugs.

Companies who drug test should get the half-life chart to schedule the drug testing program, so that they test the employees at the time of bioavailability of the drug. In cases of employee back from vacation or from a long holiday or a weekend, it is better to have then participate in the company drug test list because if they have had done drugs in their holidays or weekends, it can be instantly identified, but in cases where the same test is being done in the middle of the week after a long break, weekend or vacation, the compound should have been metabolized and might not be biologically available for detection unless the abuse is going to be chronic. Rare usages can go undetected in cases where the test is being done beyond the half-life span of the drug.

The effect of the drug in company drug tests at any given blood concentration might vary based on the time since dose. For example if the corp drug testing is being done on a person when they are showing peak behaviors of addiction like stimulation, nervousness, fatigue confusion, paranoia etcetera, then the test can show up positive if they have abused. Because the pharmacologic effect of any drug is related to the bioavailability of the drug in the blood in the individual. Involuntary reflexes of the person and their behavior and productivity factor should be considered in making a decision about scheduling drug tests apart from choosing test methods with high specificity and sensitivity. Doing the right test in the right time caters to trapping out guilty workers.

Call toll free 1-877-281-9756 or international toll free: 1-864-631-7371 or write to info@rapiddrugdetection.com, know more about company drug testing methods and clues on when to perform the tests.

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Drug Test Lortab, Opiate, Vicodin, Hydrocodone, Codeine

A lot of drug abusers are forging prescriptions of lortab, vicodin, codeine hydrocodone, and opiate to feed their drug addiction. Drug test lortab, drug test opiate, drug test vicodin, drug testing codeine, drug testing for hydrocodone are used to identify over-dosage of these therapeutic drugs and they are also done in cases where patients are exhibiting drug seeking behavior to meet up with their abusive needs. Most of these drugs are given without prescription refills due to the high danger of abuse involved with these drugs.

There are people that have been reported to have been taking 70 Lortab a day! The normal dose of lortab for pain is one tablet q.4-to-6h. And anything beyond that is going to be very dangerous. Some people tend to take more than the said dose due to high pain intolerance, while some others take it beyond limits for the sense of relief they think they experience from overdose.

Therapeutic dosage of opioid analgesics is going to be sufficient enough to be causing relief without causing any kind of unacceptable side effects. The dosage of opioid analgesics is to be individualized based on the type and severity of the pain and based on the age and health factors of the patient. In cases where the patient has not been receiving sufficient amount of opioid to effect treatment either because they have reached a tolerance to the previous dosages of opioid or because the opioid prescription was much below than what there can tolerate, the desired pain relief might not be achieved. In such situations patients tend to overdose which can be detected by drug test opiate. Opioid overdose is pretty common in cases with Fentanyl patches in cases where the patient might have fever that will quicken absorption of opioid. Opioid overdose should be duly monitored because it can produce respiratory depression and coma.

Oxycodone and codeine is used for mild to moderate pain relief in association with small dosages of non-narcotic pain killer. This is done to reduce the need for high dosage of opioid, but still producing substantial amounts of relief. In cases of therapeutic treatment for pain, it is always best to consult the specialists in cases where there is inadequate control of pain. Self administration of increased dosage can lead to increased levels of drugs which might cause over-dosage and long term self-medication can cause positive for test for illegal drugs in workplace and it can in turn lead to complications where there are not enough prescription proofs.

Call toll free 1-877-281-9756 or international toll free: 1-864-631-7371 or write to info@rapiddrugdetection.com, know more about Drug Test for Lortab, Opiate, Vicodin, Hydrocodone, Codeine.

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Rapid Drug Screening

Rapid drug screening should be done after a careful choice of the sample that will be used for the qualitative analysis. The choice of the test method will decide on the sample that will be collected for the drug info screen. The drug screen can be a urine drug screen or a saliva drug screen based on the testing pattern that is most suitable for the detection.

In any drug screen test the best choice of sample, collection, storage, analytical pattern and time frame for the analysis should be pre-determined. The major factor that will interfere in this decision making will be specificity of the assay. Specificity of any drug testing methodology is the competency of the test assay to identify the presence of the compound in the presence of other components that might probably cross react. The level of accuracy and the precision of the test method will be influenced by degradants, metabolism, impurities and the biological matrix.

The drug screening method has 2 steps, one is the preliminary analysis and the next is the confirmatory analysis. The preliminary analysis is mostly rapid and it will provide with a qualitative analysis which will indicate the presence of absence of a compound in the sample. Pseudo-qualitative analysis will dictate the presence or absence of a compound based on a pre-determined cutoff level. The rapid drug screening method analyses the major drug class and the exact drug entity will be identified by the confirmatory analysis. Most of the preliminary testing methods are onsite and can be done with test strips and instant testing methods that are mostly of the dipstick type that declares positives and negatives.

The rapid drug screening method detects the drugs by using antibodies that binds to the binding site of the target drug. The binding site design is unique to a particular class of drugs and the immunoassay is based on with the antibiotics that will bind to the target binding sites of the drug that is being targeted for identification by using that particular assay. A positive result for any drug testing method in an immunoassay indicates the drug to be positive, which is in all cases above the cut off concentration for the assay. Such a positive warrants further confirmatory tests. The purpose of having a cutoff concentration is to limit the number of false-positives caused by the interference by cross reacting substances.

Call toll free 1-877-281-9756 or international toll free: 1-864-631-7371 or write to info@rapiddrugdetection.com, know more about Rapid Drug Screening Methods.

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Drug Screen Testing

Drug screen kits have been repeatedly associated with the philosophy and the purpose of drug testing pretty successfully in catering to the quick needs of the national drug testing activity, legal issues of drug testing, and intake and operation issues in employment. Drug detection techniques and urine analysis are used to screen for recent use of illicit drugs. In cases of where any one that is being sent on probation, the parents of the kids are allowed to have a drug screen test kit to check their children under treatment on weekends for probable abuse.

There are many people that continue using substances even after enrolling in a treatment program. This can continue even after an entertaining and informative substance abusive training session. Identifying relapse of substance abuse in people under treatment can be accomplished by self drug screen testing recommendations apart from the drug screen tests taken officially. The self drug screening mechanism is usually onsite instrument testing.

Drug screening testing can be anything from urinalysis and saliva testing for drugs and alcohol. There are a lot of supervision plans that are available for addicts based on the level of substance abuse. Anyone that is recognized to be positive in tests is assigned respective treatment methods along with methods of monitoring of their substance use pattern. The test positive donor can be a student or employee under probation or even an employee that is an on roll staff to the corporate system.

In cases of suspects that have increasing warning under supervision and testing are subject to treatment referral. Those patients that have had increased contact and supervision and increased amount of drug testing are likely to create dilution of the samples that they donate for testing, such patients should be closely monitored on integrated test methods. In cases where the drug screening tests should be supportable for legal approaches, a formal non-waived assessment of the drugs might be warranted.

In cases where the drug abuse behavior is going to be mild, employees should consider to give the person an off from work to undergo rehabilitation, and in cases the behavior is going to be all time high an off from work with a warning can be given, and if they do not rehabilitate within the said duration, the employee can be eliminated off work. Whether an employee is partially addicted or completely addicted they are a threat to any proper functioning of an organization and they should be strictly weeded out of the official system.

Call toll free 1-877-281-9756 or international toll free: 1-864-631-7371 or write to info@rapiddrugdetection.com, know more about Drug Screen Testing.

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Over The Counter Drug Test

Over the counter drug test employs the preliminary assays that are used in any standard drug test methods. Most of the drug tests that are done in a standard scheduled or rapid drug test methods consist of a preliminary qualitative analysis that gives a yes or no answer to presence of a compound. If the answer is no, then there can be no issues, in cases where the answer is going to be yes, then it can lead to complications like elimination from a safety sensitive job, denial of a job due to pre-hire drug test being positive and in some cases a threat to promotion and lot more.

Most of the drug test kits that give the yes or no analysis can be handled and tested with without any kind of laboratory knowledge. Just dip the strip and if the line occurs it is positive else negative kind of. These drug test strips can be useful for those that are yet to face a drug test for an interview or as a part of the drug testing policy of the company. In cases where one has taken over the counter medication or have abused a bit of drugs recreationally chances are that it will show positive in the test and it can lead to a threat. Anyone that is apprehensive about such positives can self test them right from home from getting the drug test kits delivered from an order placed in an online store.

In cases where you are trying to do over the counter drug test, it is better if you will check yourself on multiple drugs by using the 10 panel and 5 panel test methods. In some cases people turn positive for something that they have not abused either due to interferences from over the counter drugs or due to some other reason. Rather than checking oneself for just one category of drug, it will be better if you will check yourself on a range of drugs. In cases where you test positive, you can search for your prescription bills and correlate if the prescription is the reason behind the positive and this is very necessary if you should talk to your MRO about you being positive on therapeutic grounds and not due to abusive actions.

Never panic if you are turning positive for no cause. Even in cases where you have taken over-the-counter medications the bills that you paid for the purchase can stand to support you for the genuine nature of your positive; however, you need to be quite good in explaining the logics if you are guilt free.

Call toll free 1-877-281-9756 or international toll free: 1-864-631-7371 or write to info@rapiddrugdetection.com, know more about Over the Counter Drug Screening Methods.

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